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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 31, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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>> confusion and chaos in europe's approach to handling the crisis. >> i'm lauren taylor. this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up, one policeman is killed, dozens more injured as nationalist protest in ukraine turns violent. televised confessions in china as the government crackdowcracks down on those accused of starting the crash of
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the stock market. >> hello, european governments are struggling to come up within an effective and uniform response to the every growing number of refugees pouring across their borders. the e.u. has called for an emergency meeting to thrash out a common policy. the current approach each country deals with the grow refugee escalation in its own way. in austria stringent checks are being carried out with check points at its border with
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hungary. it comes after 71 people were discovered in a parked lorrie. in hungary hundreds of people have also been boarding trains. they're traveling on the capital of budapest to munich where most refugees want to end up. germany said it will consider granting asylum to all refugees freeing war-torn syria. and pack trains from the hungarian capital to the border town, what is happening there now? >> well, as you said right on the hungary border, this is normally where passengers are
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checked for visas and many refugees have been turned around and sent back to budapest, but this is not the case now. there have been at least three trains. this is the latest, absolutely packed, standing room only. it's stifling in there. the reason these doors are opened is that people are getting the air inside despite the air conditioning. it's just not working. there are children on board. there are not only syrians on board. there are iraqis. pakistanis, bangladeshis. they are getting through because the hungarians have let them. there has been major change in policies because hours before this happened, a spokesman was telling al jazeera by no means would refugee travel out of the country without visas. this is now a situation that is rather confusing because the refugees although overjoyed that they're getting through are pretty confused back in budapest as to why some are getting on
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and some aren't. >> have you had any kind of confirmation from the authorities that they have properly changed their policy that allows this change? what do you think is behind it? >> there have been no official statement yet. we were told earlier on monday that talks were going on between the hungarian government and the germany government to seek status of syrian refugees after the statement from german that they would be treated in a different way to others in terms of the asylum application process. normally it has to be done the first point of entry. hungary is announcing a wrath of new measures making it difficult for refugees to travel into hungary. there are also various new measures on the asylum seeking process that will be introduced.
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plus moves to put refugees in what are respectively secure areas. transit zones they call them, but secure areas on the border in no man's landed where very large numbers of refugees will be gathered and stay in place until decisions are made on think asylum application. if made it will be very difficult in being successful in getting them apparently with all the resolutions going through. there has been no official announcement, but it may put pressure on hungary to lighten up with the way it has been dealing with refugee crisis. what will happen now is that the train will connect up with this, it's possible that because the train is so packed that another train will come and take on passengers from here because of the regulations for safety in
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austria not allowing so many people to be on board trains. it is quite a process here. and nevertheless a particularly happy one for the people we've seen so far on these trains. >> andrew simmons. thank you very much, indeed. >> well, the german chancellor angela merkel has been speaking on the crisis and hitting on the country's treatment of the refugees. >> we have a humanitarian responsibility. we need to establish region station centers and talk with african nations, talk to countries that are in civil war and ensure there is a fair distribution of refugees across europe. >> the french prime minister has visited calais and those who are waiting to cross over into united kingdom. the europe union has given france an extra $5.5 million to
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help refugees in calais in the camp known as the jungle. theprotesters tried to disrupt the announcement, but they were dragged away by place. >> we need to divide between european countries, the reception of those eligible for asylum. debate has been intense. too many countries are refusing to take their share. it is against the european spirit. we cannot accept it. >> an explosion during an demonstration has killed one national guards man and wounded many more. protests as politicians coat on a controversial law giving eastern regions more powers. >> the moment when an angry demonstration turned deadly.
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the scene after protesters threw a grenade at riot police. dozens of national guardsmen were injured by several explosive devices. many were taken away by violence. the crowd had gathered at the head of a parliament try vote giving status to parts of donetsk and luhansk region regions in eastern rue crane. there were anger scenes as some politicians tried to stop providings. but a new bill did pass on its first reading. it's part of a peace agreement reached in february of this year. it was supposed to end the fighting between you train's army and russian-backed separatists. since then there has been sporadic and deadly violence in the east. these scenes are a reminder of how controversial it is.
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>> authorities have arrested 197 people for spreading online rumors about a recent stock market crash and the tianjin chemical blast. those found guilty could face several years in jail. >> on state tv this man confesses his guilt. his crime: to report that the government was planning to end its efforts to rescue the market. on the day that article was published the shanghai hair index suffered one of its biggest ever falls. he apologized to all those who had lost money. >> this kind of market information can have a big impact whether the information is correct or incorrect because we're going to be one way or another an extremely volatile market. >> also publicly disgraced, a senior stock market officials accused of insider trading.
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he reportedly made a profit after borrowing to buy shares. in total, 197 people have reportedly been punished for spreading rumors about the recent stock market falls china's devaluing currency as well as the fatal explosions in tinajin. the criticisms over the government's handling of all this has not featured in china state media. instead, it's been focusing on thursday's big military parade, commemorating the 70th anniversary of japan's surrender. preparations for that event have coincided with a tightening of already strict internet restrictions. two language chinese language media sites for our sister network al jazeera arabic, are now blocked.
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the authorities won't say why. during troubled times like these, those regulations are often used by authorities to block news stories that they say expose state secrets or endanger the country. the country fears free media because it would undermine its authority. >> this economy relies on the internet for growth, but now it is testing the government's control. adrian brown, al jazeera, beijing. >> it's been months since the islamic state in iraq and the levant was cleared from the city of diyala. >> these people are demanding to go home. the town was cleared of isil ten months ago. officials from the iraq government tell them to wait for the roads and facilities to be rebuilt, but they believe that the kurdish forces will
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recapture the area and want to make sure that diyala is part of the region they governor in the north. >> the kurds are destroying our homes and they want to change the demographics so arabs won't be the majority there. >> the representatives of the town 90,000 arabs are seeking help from the council. but they say that the authorities in baghdad are not addressing the issue with a kurdish regional government, and representatives say that they don't have much power. >> the parties are now in control, operate outside of the state, and some have military. we hope this changes as part of the reforms promised by the government. >> there has long been an uneasy relationship between the see i can't, sunni and kurdish communities.
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>> the war has brought a new reality, one that has created a new authority on the rebound. >> militias known as the popular mobilization forces has become the real power here. they led the fight against isil but were accused of reprisal killings against sunnies. many feel that the actions of these groups are a continuation of the sectarian policy by the shia-led government. >> this is why sunnies move to areas where the community live. the aims of ongoing attacks by isil has caused strife. the residents of the shia neighborhood in diyala feel the same. >> our community has been targeted. why are they killing us? now we're suspicious of everyone. shows responsible want to
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prevent coexistence. >> sunnies and shia once lived together in this town. the sectarian violence over the years changed that. now the divide has grown deeper and it is tearing the diyala society apart. >> al jazeera, diyala. >> still to come, the high achieving syrian refugees who cannot afford to pursue higher education. plus. >> i'm charles stratford reporting from ethiopia deep inside the mind shaft, hunting for a precious stone that is hoped to bring this country great wealth.
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>> in order to save my children, i had to try to save everyone else's. >> chicago mothers, fed up and fighting back. >> what we've essentially done is created an outdoor community center. >> changing the city one block at a time. >> i'm out here to encourage them, to tell them there's a better way.
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>> the e.u. has called for an emergency meeting to thrash out the common policies to the refugee crisis. it comes after refugees have been picked up by the coast guard over the weekend. protests comes a from a controversial law that gives mor leaders more power. >> many people facing the reality of fingerprinting, border fencing and migrant
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reception centers. one man fled his home in syria in hope of sanctuary in europe. >> i'm mohammed from syria. i my country has been destroyed. my wife is dead. the aircraft struck our residence. my car was burnt. my house died inside the house, and the whole building collapse because of the airstrike. we got out from syria through turkey hoping to make it to europe. they placed us in a boat. three times we almost drowned. the whole family was about to die but i kept praying to god. dear god we are your servants, god spare us, protect us, oh dear god. thanks to god and by the grace of god we managed to make it safe and arrived in greece. in greece they put us in a boat. they robbed me. they took 1,000 euros, $200, 200 turkish lyras is along with my
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personal identification card and left me with nothing. no documents, nothing to identify me. for five days it was disgraceful. humiliating. some young men collected some money to help me come here. here are some young men trying to help me. it's been 20 days and i have not washed my clothes. it's humiliating here. what can i do. what can i do with these young people? what can i do to help them? there is no water to wash them with, no food, no decent water to drink. there is nothing for them at all. look at this. this is their meal. this is what we're supposed to feed our children with. is this a meal? is this food? 24 hours one sandwich. you can eats it all in one bite. that will not satisfy their hunger. this is unfair. very unfair. where is humanity in all this? we fled a war and now we're
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stuck here in prison. i'm stuck here. what do they want us to do? why can't they free us? why? are we here as prisoners? what are we? tell us. yes, you're convicts sentenced to death. why are we detained and locked up? why? what is the reason behind all 24? my god, if we knew that they woulthat this is the way they would treat us we would not have left our homeland. the homeland is precious. the soil, the memories, everything there is dear to us. >> jordan's camp is home to 80,000 syrian refugee who is have escaped the violence back home for a chance at a brighter future. >> these refugees have finished high school. they've all passed the jordanian secondary examine with good
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grades, but none of them can forward to attend an university. they've approached for scholarships but have had no luck. some have been waiting for scholarships since last year. >> i used to study becaus outside because i had no space in my family's shelter. my friends and i needed some quiet place to study. we would sit on the streets in the scorching heat and the freezing cold. we didn't care we had a goal and wanted to achieve it. >> when this woman did not have enough candles to study at night she had to wait for sunrise. she said it's unfair that there are not enough scholarships for syrian who is want to complete their higher education. >> we should not give up on studying or on our dreams. syria relies on us to rebuild after the conflict ends. we need teachers, doctors and students.
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>> there are fears that younger students in the camp will turn to work instead of graduating from school. with the lack of scholarships for syrians there are fears that some who are adamant about getting a university degree will flee to europe for better opportunities. many hearsay that this means they will never come back to rebuild sir why in the future. these two syrian teachers in the camp work tirelessly to try to secure scholarships for syrian students through charities and private donors. a recent study concluded that there are 1,200 residents in the camp who are either qualified to enroll in universities or were never able to complete their higher education in syria because of the conflicts. >> we don't want the lack of universities scholarships to force our students to endure more displacements. we don't want desperation to create an obsession to the west for work and education.
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>> 4,000 syrians applied for zoll land an land andschola scholarships last year. but only 100 were available. many are worry that they won't have a say in their dreams or their future. >> thai police have arrested arrest parents for two more people in a deadly bombing in bangkok two weeks ago. they're searching for a thai woman who is believed to be in turkey and a foreign man whose nationality is unknown. they found bomb-making materials in the apartment of the men they're searching for. peru is the world's biggest producer of cocaine. it has also allowed its military to shoot down drug-smuggling planes who fly over it. most of the drugs cultivated are shipped out to bolivia and
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brazil. this route markets argentina, uruguay, africa and europe. 170,000-kilograms were flown out of peru. >> after a tip from an informa informant, police marched across rivers and mashers. leading the team as they set out to destroy a coca processing lab. they shoot out to warn traffickers. just as we were arriving the traffickers fled. they left behind the bread. they left behind boots. these sacks of coca leaves, the police say were about to be
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thrown into the pool to make the coca paste from which coin i cocaine is made. this lab would make $50,000 worth of coca paste each day. >> the size of the lab tells us that they were professionals. >> the stench of toxic chemicals of acid and gasoline is overpowering. this substance is turned into the cocaine powder. the residues are thrown away, contaminating land and rivers. this is the center of the world's coca paste producer. this contingent is at the front lines on the war on drugs in peru. they have a big mandate but not enough resources. >> the complexity of this is to reach the labs they're in remote
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and inaccessible areas. we need to walk for four or five hours in the jungle. we need air support to move faster. >> peru's anti-drug policy is mainly focused on destroying labs and plane landing strips. this year the police and army destroyed 120 airfields. two to three labs are dismantled every week. still more than 300 tons of dr drugs are transported out of the country each year. the united nations latest drug report said that peru has reduced the number of coca fields in the last two years, but critics say that traffickers are making land more productive with better fertilizers and are exporting more coca paste than ever. it seems that it's a battle that for now cannot be won.
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>> ethiopia has one of the fastest growing economies in africa and an expanding mining industry. >> discovery in recent years has precious gem experts around the world very excited. opals and of exceptionally high quality. we meet with a group of miners as they head back to their village. the work is very hard, this man tells me. >> look at the blue in that. he has been mining for two years. he and other men work in this
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tunnel. they earn up to $2,000 a week for the gems they find. >> you can see here this is the opal. and the guys who work this mine say that on a good week they can pull out 50 kilos of these stones. there is nothing to support the roof of the tunnel. he said that the last time a miner was killed here was three years ago. >> landslides happen when it rains. it's frightening when you're inside the tunnel, but i don't want to stop this work until i'm successful. >> the government has supplied the miners with tools and wants to improve health and safety standards. they want them to create cooperatives.
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>> we have been able to save money. some of our friends have bought cars. others have bought houses. >> this is only one of two gem stone workshops. ethiopia's opal industry generates $25 million a year behind australia, who produces 90% of our the world's opals. this stone is worth $5 per carat and increase in value. this last stone is around $150 per carat and valued over $3,000. all are found in ethiopia. the government plans to establish infrastructure to sell, cut and polish stones. >> we are now inviting investo investors. >> the opal is known as the queen of gems. so men continue digging despite
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the risks involved. al jazeera, northern ethiopia. >> you can catch up on all the stories we're reporting on. the address is >> a man charged with killing a sheriff deputy in what police call an execution-style attack appears in court. president obama heads to alaska for a climate change summit, but he's facing criticism over a decision to rename north america's highest peak. and some european countries are making it tougher for refugees trying to seek a new life.